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Impact of Locus of Control on Clinical Outcomes in Renal Dialysis

      This study focused on the relationship between patients’ locus of control and their ability to improve selected clinical outcomes related to kidney dialysis. The main hypothesis of this study stated that patients who viewed themselves as having control over their situation would be more successful at improving targeted clinical outcomes than those who believed someone other than themselves had control over their situation. The study found that interventions aimed at increasing awareness of who has control and reducing the aspect of chance had a more significant positive impact on outcomes than did pure cognitive or educational interventions geared mainly toward emotional issues or educational deficits. Interventions that work with the dominant locus of control to increase awareness of where control lies appeared to be more effective in assisting the patients to improve their targeted clinical outcomes rather than are interventions to change the locus of control between internal and powerful others (external).

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