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Assessment of Blood Pressure: Techniques and Implications From Clinical Trials

  • Dia R. Waguespack
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to Dia R. Waguespack, MD, Division of Renal Disease and Hypertension, McGovern Medical School at UTHealth, 6431 Fannin St, MSB 5.134, Houston, TX 77030.
    Affiliations
    Division of Renal Disease and Hypertension, McGovern Medical School at UTHealth, Houston, TX
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  • Jamie P. Dwyer
    Affiliations
    Nephrology Clinical Trials Center, Division of Nephrology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN
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      Hypertension is a global health problem and without adequate diagnosis and treatment is a risk factor for morbidity and mortality. Proper assessment of blood pressure is key to diagnosis and management of hypertension. Different methods of measurement are available for use and varying techniques are applied to patient care. Understanding the proper methods of blood pressure measurement both in and out of the physician's office is crucial for providing appropriate care to an individual patient. In addition, understanding the techniques used in research, on which current guidelines are based, is critical for proper application to daily practice. In this article, we review the types of blood pressure measurement techniques, discuss the benefits and limitations to each, explore future technological advances in measurement devices, and provide insight into research techniques, which ultimately guide our practice.

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