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Hypertension in Children and Adolescents

  • Joshua A. Samuels
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to Joshua A. Samuels, MD, MPH, Division of Pediatric Nephrology and Hypertension, McGovern Medical School at UTHealth, 6431 Fannin St, MSB 3-121, Houston, TX 77030.
    Affiliations
    Division of Pediatric Nephrology and Hypertension, McGovern Medical School, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX
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  • Ana S. Zavala
    Affiliations
    Division of Pediatric Nephrology and Hypertension, McGovern Medical School, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX
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  • Jennifer M. Kinney
    Affiliations
    Division of Pediatric Nephrology and Hypertension, McGovern Medical School, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX
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  • Cynthia S. Bell
    Affiliations
    Division of Pediatric Nephrology and Hypertension, McGovern Medical School, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX
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      Hypertension is a growing problem in children and adolescents, with primary hypertension becoming the most common etiology. In addition to demonstrating that high blood pressure in children and young adults is likely to remain elevated into adulthood, this review (1) addresses important aspects of measuring blood pressure in children and adolescents, (2) defines elevated blood pressure and hypertension in this age group, (3) describes the initial evaluation and workup of abnormally high blood pressure, and (4) introduces treatment strategies for youth with sustained hypertension.

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