What the Adult Nephrologist Should Know About Alport Syndrome

  • Clifford E. Kashtan
    Address correspondence to Clifford E. Kashtan, MD, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Nephrology, University of Minnesota Masonic Children's Hospital, 2450 Riverside Avenue, Academic Building – AC 201, Minneapolis, MN 55454.
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN
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      Recent trends in the diagnosis, treatment, and classification of collagen IV-associated kidney disease are likely to result in increasing numbers of people in adult nephrology practices who have a confirmed diagnosis of Alport syndrome. These trends include the increasing use of genetic testing in the diagnostic evaluation of people with hematuria, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, and chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology; early treatment with inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system to delay kidney failure; and application of an expanded definition of Alport syndrome based on genotype rather than phenotype. This commentary discusses these trends and their implications for the adult nephrologist.


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