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Oncosurgery-Related Acute Kidney Injury

      Oncosurgery is a surgical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, staging, and management of cancer and cancer-related complications. Acute kidney injury is a common and important complication related to oncologic surgery, associated with longer hospital length of stay, greater costs, increased risk of incident or progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD), and higher mortality. The pathogenesis of oncosurgery-related acute kidney injury is multifactorial and determined by different variables, including patient characteristics (comorbidities, volume status, age, pre-existing CKD), specific cancer type or location, surgical procedure involved, as well as intrinsic neuroendocrine and hemodynamic responses to anesthesia and/or surgery. Early nephrology evaluation may be helpful to assist with preservation of kidney function and prevention of further kidney injury.

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